# Appendix: Present Value Tables Financial Accounting

Calculate the present value of the annuity if the discount rate is 4% while the payment is received at the beginning of each year. An annuity table typically has the number of payments on the y-axis and the discount rate on the x-axis. Find both of them for your annuity on the table, and then find the cell where they intersect.

Although the concept of the present value of an annuity is simply another expression of the theory of time value of money, it is an important concept from the perspective of valuation of retirement planning. In fact, it is predominantly used by accountants, actuaries and insurance personnel to calculate the present value Navigating Law Firm Bookkeeping: Exploring Industry-Specific Insights of structured future cash flows. It is also useful in the decision – whether a lump sum payment is better than a series of future payments based on the discount rate. Further, the above-mentioned decision is also influenced by the fact that whether the payment is received at the beginning or at the end of each period.

## Present Value of an Annuity Due

The payments from the annuity are distributed at the beginning of each period. This is very similar to finding the present value of an annuity with a few exceptions. A wide range of financial products all involve a series of payments that are equal and are made at fixed intervals.

Therefore, the present value of the cash inflow to be received by David is \$20,882 and \$20,624 in case the payments are received at the start or at the end of each quarter respectively. If someone does not have an electronic calculator, software, or formula, then the most convenient and alternative method https://www.digitalconnectmag.com/a-deep-dive-into-law-firm-bookkeeping/ to calculate PV is to use an ordinary table. For more common use, you can use the annuity table to simply know how much your annuity is worth so that you have a clearer picture of your portfolio’s value. Different types of annuities (variable annuities, for instance) will have different tables.

## Discount

An annuity table helps you determine the present value of an annuity at a given time. The table considers how much money you have put into the annuity and how long it has been invested. You can then look up the present value interest factor in the table and use this value as a factor in calculating the present value of an annuity, series of payments. You might want to calculate the present value of the annuity, to see how much it is worth today.

An annuity is a series of payments that occur at the same intervals and in the same amounts. An example of an annuity is a series of payments from the buyer of an asset to the seller, where the buyer promises to make a series of regular payments. For example, ABC Imports buys a warehouse from Delaney Real Estate for \$500,000 and promises to pay for the warehouse with five payments of \$100,000, to be paid at intervals of one payment per year; this is an annuity. You can also use the FV formula to calculate other annuities, such as a loan, where you know your fixed payments, the interest rate charged, and the number of payments. Using the previous inputs, fill in the interest rate of 0.05, the time period of 3 (years), and payments of -100. If the formula doesn’t automatically calculate, go to the right-hand side of the worksheet at the top and click on Calculate to get the answer of \$272.32.

## Present Value of Periodical Deposits

In this instance, understanding the present value of an annuity due would help Mrs. Danielson. This might help her to weigh out the cost versus benefit of a loan if she were considering taking one out. Using this equation, the present value of the annuity Mrs. Danielson pays would be \$56,838.14. We’ll calculate the yield to maturity (YTM) using the “RATE” Excel function in the final step. First, we will calculate the present value (PV) of the annuity given the assumptions regarding the bond. In our illustrative example, we’ll calculate an annuity’s present value (PV) under two different scenarios.

• An annuity table is a tool for determining the present value of an annuity or other structured series of payments.
• The payments (deposits) may be made weekly, monthly, quarterly, yearly, or at any other regular interval of time.
• It is also useful in the decision – whether a lump sum payment is better than a series of future payments based on the discount rate.
• In this section, you can familiarize yourself with this calculator’s usage and its mathematical background.